A cover letter, also known as a covering letter or application letter, is a one-page document that introduces a job seeker’s work history, professional skills, and personal interest in applying for a job.
A cover letter is a (typically) one-page document that explains to the hiring manager why you are an ideal candidate for the job. It goes beyond your resume to explain in detail how you could add value to the company.
A cover letter isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution to your job search. It’s essential to choose the format that’s appropriate to the specific position, company, or career path you’re pursuing.
Types of Cover Letters
The three most common types of cover letters are:
This is the most common form of cover letter. If you’re attaching a cover letter for a specific job application, the key is to make sure it doesn’t sound generic. Hiring managers will immediately notice if you take the time to craft a letter that was written specifically for a job they are looking to fill.
A letter of application, also known as a cover letter, is a document sent with your resume to provide additional information about your skills and experience to an employer. The letter of application is intended to provide detailed information on why you are are a qualified candidate for the job.
If you’re applying for a job someone has referred you for, make sure your letter mentions the name of a person who has endorsed you and (unless it’s obvious), establish that person’s credentials or relevance to the company.
A referral cover letter is a job application document that mentions a mutual contact you share with the hiring manager. This shared connection can be a friend, networking acquaintance or employee at the company where you’re applying for a job.
When writing a Referral Letter, Begin your letter with a salutation followed by the hiring manager’s name. Mention your referral in the first paragraph of your cover letter, with a brief explanation of your connection. Show your interest. Next, mention what interests you about the position, and why you’re qualified for the job.
Letter of Interest
Sometimes you aren’t sure whether there is a specific job opening, but you’re certain you would love to work for a particular company. In these cases, it’s perfectly fine to send out what’s called a “letter of interest.” These letters, also known as prospecting letters, are a great way to proactively create opportunities for yourself.
A letter of interest is a document used to get your name in front of hiring managers at organizations at which you’re interested in working, but there are currently no open roles that fit your qualifications. This letter has also been referred to as a ‘letter of intent,’ ‘statement of interest’ or ‘letter of inquiry’.